Friday 16 January 2015

Person of the year 2014

Malala Yousafzai was born July 12, 1997 in Pakistan's Swat Valley. Since her childhood, she is an activist. Her father is himself a defender of the right to education. He founded a school, which was  renamed with the name of the girl. But the Taliban arrived in the village and imposed Sharia. Music, movies, and all symbols of freedom and emancipation for women are prohibited. Malala's family tried to resist...
It was at the age of 11 that Malala became very famous. When she went with her father to a press conference, she denounced the violence of the Taliban who, after taking control of the Swat Valley in 2007, burnt schools for girls and murded their opponents.
She continued in this direction under the pseudonym of Gul Makai, in a blog published by the BBC entitled "Diary of a Pakistani schoolgirl."
When the Taliban arrived in Swat, her family left the region and the members of the family separated. They united again in July 2009, after the Second Battle of Swat.
 In october 9, 2012, Malala was targeted by an attack. She writes in her biography: « The day where everything changed was Tuesday, October 9 » 
This day, Malala, who was 15 years old, is a victim of an attack by the Taliban: While she was going to school, the school bus stopped abruptly. Masked men got on the bus and they asked : « Who is Malala ? "and  they shot her in the head.
With the mediatization of her story, the teenager became a heroine and a fighting icon for the right to education.
Since 2011, she received numerous awards for her commitment: the international price of children for peace, Simone de Beauvoir prize for women's freedom, Anna Politkovskaïa  price and the Sakharov Price of the European Parliament.
On December 10, 2012, UNESCO and Pakistan created the Malala Fund which aims to register in school all children of the world by 2015.
In April 2012, the American weekly Time revealed Malala in its list of  the hundred most influential personalities in the world.
 On July 12, 2013, the day of her 16th birthday, at the United Nations she launched, a strong appeal for "education for all children". «Our books and pens are our most powerful weapons. A teacher, a book, a pen can change the world ». She was warmly applauded by the assembly.
In October 10, 2014, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Malala and Kailash Satyarthi for their fight against the oppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education. Malala is now beginning a political career to "change the future" of Pakistan. «I’ll be a politician later. I want to change the future of my country and make education compulsory ".

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